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How to create a custom WordPress theme from scratch?

wordpress themes

Creating WordPress themes can be very easy if you know basic HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. However, if you’re new to WordPress, all you have to do is follow the steps outlined in this guide for beginners. I have illustrated the steps needed and addressed the essential aspects of designing WordPress themes. So, let’s read this guide and learn how to create WordPress themes from scratch.

WordPress is a commonly used open-source content management system (CMS) around the globe. A total of 34.7% of websites use WordPress. You can also choose this platform to create a solid online presence and quickly set up your company online with the aid of powerful WordPress website builder tools. WordPress is an easy alternative and the easiest one, to begin with. And that’s the key reason why any developer recommends using it as the basis for your website.

wordpress themes

However, if you’re still not sure what WordPress is or what open-source CMS is, then reading this guide would certainly shed some light on your information. So, without much ado, let’s start the process of developing a WordPress theme step by step.

How to Create a WordPress Theme?

Designers and developers have been unintentionally partial to WordPress-based themes for not only one but many reasons. Often a customer directly requests for a WordPress website. And the biggest reason behind WordPress’ massive success lies in its simplicity. It is, in fact, a highly versatile and efficient CMS. Therefore, those who work for some other CMS, such as Joomla, Drupal, etc., may often choose to switch from Joomla to WordPress, or so on. So, let’s explain why people enjoy this site so much.
What are the WordPress Theme Requirements?

Installing WordPress Locally

First thing, you need to install WordPress. Don’t fear because it’s not rocket science to learn how to install WordPress. You should do it on your own.

Procedure to Create a WordPress Theme From Scratch

wordpress themes

Manual – creating WordPress theme via coding

Automated – creating WordPress theme using a WordPress Theme Builder For WordPress themes, everything will be done in the wp_content directory only. Just make a new theme subfolder in the wp_content → Themes folder. Let’s assume you name it “mytheme”.

wordpress themes

The second thing is to decide the layout of the theme. Here, the tutorial is showing the basic layout consisting of Header, Main Area, Footer, Sidebar. Basically, WordPress needs only 2 files i.e. style.css and index.php. But for this layout, you need 5 files, as follows;

  • header.php – contains the code for the header section of the theme.
  • index.php – contains the code for the Main Area and will specify where the other files will be included. This is the main file of the theme.
  • sidebar.php – contains the information about the sidebar.
  • footer.php – handles the footer section.
  • style.css – responsible for the styling of your theme.
  • bootstrap.css – no separate CSS code is required; highly responsive.
  • bootstrap.js – provides its own js for the navigation bar, or tabs, etc.

You need a Bootstrap kit to download. The bootstrap.js and bootstrap.cs file has to be copied to the theme folder.

How to Create WordPress Theme with Template Toaster?

Template Toaster is pretty easy to install and doesn’t involve any coding at all. Just visit the website and download the TemplateToaster installer. However, the trial version is free of charge. Now, all you’ve got to do is follow these easy steps to make your own WordPress theme.

Follow these steps to create a WordPress theme & start developing your WordPress theme

Step 1: Choose a Platform

Here, you can make the CMS selection since we are creating a WordPress theme, so the obvious choice for me here is WordPress. Now you can see a screen with two options i.e., Go with Sample Templates and Start from Scratch. You can easily find one suitable template for your website from the plethora of free WordPress themes. Since we are involved in WordPress template development thus, I will choose “Start from Scratch.”

Now, you shall see the very first pop-up i.e. to select color and typography from the given options. And click on the OK button.

Step 2: Design a Header

wordpress themes

Here you need to choose the width and height of the header. You can keep the width to full width, equal to the width of the container, and you can also set the custom width.

Choose the background color for it. You can set a color, gradient, or browse an image from the built-in stock gallery, or use your own custom image.
You can now add “Text Area” and “Social Icons” to the header and make it as interactive as you want. It’s all done.

Step 3: Design the Menu

Now, it’s time to design the menu. Go to the menu tab and select the width and height that you want to set for your Menu from the respective options. You can also set the background color, gradient, or image in the menu under the Background Option. Now, put the Logo on the menu under the given options.

However, you can also use your custom logo. Now, select the “Menu Button Properties” button, and then align the Alignment button with the Horizontal Links button, and this will align your menu buttons to the right of the page. You can also choose to set the typography for your menu items. The menu is ready now.

Step 4: Create and Stylize a Slideshow

Now select the slideshow tab from the toolbar above, and here you can choose between the options to set its features. You can choose the background color you want for the slideshow, background image, etc. In addition, apply properties such as slideshow position, transition effects, width, height, and a text area to make it as beautiful as you want. And components such as Slideshow can enhance your web engagement. And there are some of the top WordPress components that developers include in their themes to make them shiny and engaging.

Step 5: Edit the Content (Main Area)

Now comes the main area, that is, the Area of content. First of all, set the number of columns you want in a single row. Simply click on the text to add the content to your website. However, you can use a variety of options, such as setting typography, font color, text alignment, font size, etc., and getting your text ready. If you want to add an image, simply delete the content from the first column using the Editor Tab.

Editor tab → Image → Browse image →Open→OK

Likewise, you can easily design the rest of the columns like shown below.

Step 6: Design/Customize the Footer

Go to the Footer tab now. It will show you a lot of options to design a Footer. First, set the background for the footer. You can also set an image in the background from a stock image or browse your own custom image.

Then, from the Footer Cell option, set the number of rows, columns, and footer width. As here, 4 columns in the first row and a total of 2 rows are selected. Place social media icons wherever you find them appropriate. Put content and style it through Typography options. You can also set different font colors to different connection states such as Active, Hover, Regular.

wordpress themes

You can also style Text & Link Built in the second row. However, you can still opt to display/hide this from the checkbox at any time. The final look of the Footer is going to be a bit like this. But to build it beautifully, essentially, you just need a couple of clicks of the mouse. So, the home page is beautifully developed. You can also build other sites on your website. What you need to do is click on the ‘+’ button on the left and add as many pages as you like.

However, if you wish to add a child page to a specific page, you can do so as well. And what you need to do is click on the ellipses (three dots) corresponding to the name of the page you need to right-click on the tab you want to see and pick ‘Add Child Page.’ It’s like showing a virtual hierarchy.

Page Name → ⋮ → Add Child Page

Here, you will see other choices, i.e. Drop, Edit, and Clone from it. You will use them to take the necessary action.

Hurray! Hurray! You’ve finished the process of developing a WordPress style for scratch. And you will make a profit from designing a WordPress theme and keep your little hidden weapon safe.

Template Toaster web design program provides even more sophisticated solutions such as setting a video backdrop, slideshows, new menu types, etc. You will learn more about how to build a WordPress website, how to create an eCommerce website with WooCommerce, how to create technical themes and models, and how to use a WordPress theme to verify the plugin.

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